Wednesday, March 7, 2012

The Istrian Foibe

(Published in Corrispondenza Repubblicana, January 29, 1944)

By Benito Mussolini

Do not bother searching Italian dictionaries for this word. There are none, or at least we have not found any that contain this word. Nonetheless, even though this strange-sounding word is not registered, it has entered our lexicon since last September and is now known by tens of thousands of people who speak the language created by Dante, and it will remain part of our language as long as there are still Italians in Italy. The foibe are sinkholes, caverns or ravines where the bodies of hundreds of Italians have been discovered. They were brutally murdered by Slavic Communists, who are bloodthirsty enemies of everything that is Italian. The newspapers have published a long list of names, but it is not complete. Not every sinkhole in Istria and Dalmatia has been explored yet. This massacre of the defenseless Italian population, preplanned and carried out on a large scale in all the Italian cities and Venetian towns of Istria, is very typical of the Slavs. They made no distinction of class, sex, age or ideas. It was the mere fact that they were Italian that caused these people to be murdered and thrown into foibe by the nationalist ferocity of the Partisans. The massacre of all these people is perfectly consistent with the instructions of the Communist Party.

Let's have a look at the declaration of the Yugoslav Communist Party, which was found in the pockets of a dead Slovene Communist courier, and which was later published in the Slovene newspaper Jutra in Ljubljana on January 5, 1944.

It is a program that should be made known to everyone, and especially should be made known to our own Italian Bolsheviks who tend to "sympathize" with the ideas and methods of Moscow. Here, according to the Yugoslav Communist Party, are the "irrevocable" measures that are necessary for the triumph of the Communist Revolution:
"1. — We must liquidate all leaders belonging to bourgeois currents.
2. — We must liquidate all the big landowners, capitalists, industrialists and kulaks (wealthy peasants).
3. — We must liquidate all the leaders and officials of the bourgeois parties.
4. — We must liquidate all the leaders of the White Guard.
5. — We must liquidate all the leaders of the Blue Guard. 
6. — We must liquidate all members of the SS and the Gestapo.
7. — We must liquidate all intellectuals, students and coffee politicians.
8. — We must liquidate all the priests who have declared themselves against the proletariat.
9. — We must incarcerate all former Yugoslav officials.
10. — We must incarcerate all priests. The churches do not have to be demolished, but must remain closed. Reprisals should only be carried out against other ecclesiastical possessions.
11. — We must force away all the military missions of the capitalistic States. Any further discussion is prohibited.
12. — Already now we must secretly carry away and deliver all those people who are against our liberation struggle. They should only be liquidated if the domestic or foreign situation requires it.
13. — We do not have to take bourgeois newspapers. But we must immediately confiscate radios.
14. — We must immediately occupy all public offices and all important viable institutions, as well as communications centers.
15. — All these provisions must be carried out on a day that will be determined.

16. — All liquidations must be carried out by special units of the Communist Party."
Point 16 clarifies what is lurking under the word 'liquidation'.

After the Armistice of September 8th, it was not the bourgeoisie or the capitalists who were "liquidated" (who did not exist), but simply and solely Italians of Istria and Dalmatia.

It represents yet another tremendous tragedy whose responsibility falls on the treacherous architects of the unconditional surrender of September 8th. Tomorrow the Istrian and Dalmatian martyrs will be solemnly commemorated in all the cities of Italy. Their names will be added to the long list of dead who consecrated with their blood the historical and indestructible Italian character of these lands. Today the Fatherland honours them. At some point in the future, probably later rather than sooner, they will be avenged.